Cause and Effect Argument

Essay 3 Instructions and Checklist

In preparation for Essay 3 and by completing your textbook readings, you will be equipped to respond by objectively compiling information from a variety of sources to compose an essay that understands and practices reading, writing, and rhetoric within the context of a biblical worldview; applies methods of sound reasoning; produces well-structured essays; integrates sources accurately and effectively; writes with clarity; recognizes standard usage in English grammar, word choice (diction), phraseology, and sentence structure; and applies knowledge of sentence structure to basic sentence editing and revision (Syllabus MLOs: A, B, C, D, E, F, G and Module/Week 7 LOs: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5).


In Module/Week 7, you will write a 1,300–1,500-word cause and effect argument essay from the thesis/outline that you submitted in Module/Week 7. Please note the word count does not include citations.


Cause and Effect Essay Prompt


Write a cause and effect argument in which you answer one of the following questions:


  1. How does the portrayal of celebrities by the media impact the morals and/or values of American youth?
  2. How have advancements in technology impacted communication in America?
  3. How has social media impacted American culture?


Use academic research to include at least 4 quotations, 1 summary, and 1 paraphrase (6 total) from at least 3 sources. Be sure to document your sources correctly according to your documentation style APA. Note: The Bible can count as one of your sources.


As you compose your essay, be sure to:


  • Include all of the parts identified in “Structuring a Cause-and-Effect Argument” found on page 475 in your Practical Argument textbook.
  • Integrate at least 4 quotations, 1 summary, and 1 paraphrase (6 total) into your essay from at least 3 outside sources.
  • Follow the appropriate formatting style for your degree program: APA.
  • Use signal phrases and proper in-text citations; make sure you include a references (APA).
  • Use the Essay 3 Grading Rubric and the proofreading checklist (provided below) to draft and revise your essay.


IMPORTANT: Fully cite all quotations, summaries, and paraphrases used within your essay, or those excerpts will be regarded as plagiarism and will result in a “0” on your essay and possible course failure.


Proofreading Checklist


Part 1


Read through your paper and check the appropriate boxes on the chart below. If any area of your paper needs revision, make sure you correct it before submitting your essay. One of the best ways to proofread your writing is to read it backward to forward, sentence-by-sentence. This helps you to see words and ideas that you may have missed. Another very successful tool for proofreading is to read your work out loud to someone else. Individuals often think that handing their paper to someone and asking him or her to read it is the same thing, but it is not. Instead, ask someone to listen while you read your own words. You will immediately hear what you missed or will want to improve in your writing.


Reading & Study Application Successful Needs Revision
1.      Introduction: Establishes a context for the argument by explaining the need to examine causes or to consider effects; states the essay’s thesis (Make sure you address one of the prompt questions.)
2.      Background: Gives an overview of the situation
3.      Evidence: discusses less important causes or effects
4.      Evidence: discusses major causes or effects
5.      Integrates at least 4 quotes, 1 summary, and 1 paraphrase from at least 3 outside sources
6.      Refutation of opposing arguments: Considers and rejects other possible causes or effects
7.      Conclusion: Reinforces the argument’s main point; includes a strong concluding statement
8.      Contains pathos (emotional) appeals, ethos (values/belief) appeals, and/or logos (factual) appeals as appropriate
9.      Title reflects issue and proposal information
10.  Uses only third person pronouns (all first and second person pronouns have been removed)
11.  If using current APA format, contains properly formatted, title, abstract, and References page.
12.  Double spaced
13.  Font is 12-point Times New Roman
  15. References page includes all sources   cited within the body of the essay
14.  Checked spelling, grammar/mechanics


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