Compare and Contrast

Through the Looking-Glass, where she stumbles into the Wood with No Names and meets a fawn, suggests that it is by naming things and thereby separating ourselves from others that we fall into sin and pain. Alice in Wonderland, where she questions whether she can still be the same person if she does not remember everything she used to know, and Alice in which she wonders if she might be Mabel.
In The Importance of Being Earnest, characters take on false identities and must merge their imagined and real selves before getting married. Curiously, however, it is the imagined, fictional selves that turn out to be the true ones—possibly a reflection of Oscar Wildes’ dual existence as a married man in the country and a gay man in the city.
Because he is neither seen or acknowledged as a human in the world that white people govern, the narrator of the Invisible Man prologue—often referred to as “Invisible Man”—feels anonymous and invisible. He appears more ghostlike.
The narrator, his wife, and her first husband aren’t named in Raymond Carver’s “Cathedral,” and for the majority of the narrative, Robert is referred to as “the blind man,” which robs him of his identity. The absence of names in this instance seems to point to the narrator’s inward blindness, his incapacity to view things from different angles and expose himself to new experiences. It’s interesting to note that as he approaches understanding and a truer vision, he starts to describe the details around him, as though his inner blindness is progressively dissolving.
The nameless aunt in “No Name Woman” is also referred to as a “ghost,” and she becomes nameless because she deviates from social norms and is no longer accepted as a human. In a turn from Ellison’s structure, Kingston will later refer to white individuals she meets as ghosts, but once more it is because she is an outsider.
The subject of naming and namelessness is explored in texts like The Woman Warrior, the “Prologue” to Invisible Man, and “Cathedral,” among others, while also taking into account prejudice, otherness, and judgement. Finding oneself also entails discovering one’s true name and identity in The Importance of Being Earnest and Alice in Wonderland. It may also entail reinventing oneself as part of a rite of passage, such as becoming a queen in Through the Looking-Glass and thereby symbolically maturing, or getting married in The Importance of Being Earnest (and, of course, the women in that novel will also receive new names upon marriage).

A thesis statement is a sentence (or several words) that captures the key argument of your essay and responds to the question (or questions) it raises. It gives your readers a brief, understandable description of what you’ll address and what it is you, the author, are trying to convey. The topic you choose and the analysis, explanation(s), or assertion(s) you make about it make up the two main components of a thesis statement. It is a very narrow assertion that should solely address the topics you plan to explore in your essay and be backed up by relevant data. In order to provide your audience a clear notion of what to expect as they read, a thesis statement typically occurs in the start of your essay. Consider your thesis as a road map or a direction for both yourself and your audience.

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Start by noting the parallels and differences between the two works you’ve chosen, paying special attention to how they each handle names or namelessness, mistaken identities, identity shifts, and ghosts. Make a list of the ways that the photographs resemble and contrast one another. then look over your lists. Are there more similarities between them than differences? Why do you believe that is the case? Your paper will be built around this.

When you are finished, set a timer for five minutes, and then summarise your findings by condensing what you have put down into a single statement. Your thesis statement will be built on this. Rewrite it to include three particular instances or areas of concentration that best convey your core idea. In contrast to your topic, names and identities, an essay on dreams and literature might read something like this: “At times the narratives of both Lewis Carroll and Nathaniel Hawthorne contain dream symbolism such as X, Y, and Z, but Carroll’s dream-vision remains essentially more absurd and free-floating, whereas in Hawthorne’s tale, the symbols approach the coherence of a distinct allegory.”

1) First paragraph: introduction. Give a quick summary of your argument and the comparisons and contrasts you plan to make. Include a thesis statement that lists three key parallels or differences between the texts and explains why you believe they exist.

Element A. Talk about the first similarity or difference you noticed, using examples from the reading.

Element B of paragraph three: Talk about the second similarity or difference.

Discuss the third similarity or difference in paragraph four’s element C.

Conclusion in paragraph five. What can be learned from contrasting and comparing these two texts?

Writing Guidelines for Compare and Contrast Papers

Check your essay for mistakes.

Avert the tennis match strategy. Don’t talk about Carroll in one paragraph, Carver in the next, and then bring up Carroll again in the paragraph after that, as if you were hitting a ball back and forth across a net. Instead, compare and contrast the two texts in each paragraph and whenever possible inside the same sentence.

Remove any extraneous summaries. Only mention plot points that are absolutely necessary for your debate. If you discover that you frequently use summaries in your papers, consider discussing textual components out of chronological order—the finish first, the beginning second, and so on.

When writing a c/c paper, use terms and phrases like similarly, likewise, like, same, on the other hand, on the other hand, in comparison, and unlike.

When necessary, amplify your assertions.

Prepare for Counterarguments: If you foresee any potential challenges to your point of view, acknowledge them, describe whatever validity they may have, and then address them by arguing why your position is still valid in the face of the challenge.


The key ideas of your essay should be restated in your conclusion, but unlike an introduction, it differs from one by tying everything together and providing a sense of completion. Don’t simply change the wording in your introduction. You could, for instance, in your conclusion?Describe the broader ramifications of your argument and place your debate in a bigger context.Encourage your reader to keep considering your subject by addressing concepts from a new angle.raise unresolved issues?ask a query for more investigation?Describe the qualifications for your position.To bring the paper full circle, why not rephrase something from the introduction?draw a broad principle from?Pose a provocative query?How about creating a scene?redefine one of the major concepts in your claim?Think about potential outcomes for the future.Give an instance.bring to mind a clear image?Give a unique fact, please.Make a comparison?Identify a historical or modern trend that your topic is related to.form a hypothesis?introduce an appropriate quotation?Describe wider issues in your essay.

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