It is often thought of as an attempt whose sole purpose is to find fault. That is far from the truth. The purpose of a critical analysis on the other hand is to make readers have a better understanding the subject being studied and help them arrive at a conclusion as to whether or not the object being studied achieves its intended objectives. In the process the critic weighs the strengths and weaknesses of the subject, supporting every claim with evidence. The subject of a critical analysis could be a book, a painting, a sculpture or any other such object. A critique could be descriptive, evaluative or interpretive. For the purpose of this paper we will take it the subject being dealt with is literature.
No matter what type of form you wish to use, all critical treatises conform to a general structure. Your paper should begin with an introduction. Invariably this part should introduce the reader to the topic of the paper and its purpose. It should be concise and clear and give the reader an understanding of what is to follow.
Next is the main section of your paper or its body. The body of your paper should introduce the subject to enable the reader have an understanding the subject to be critiqued. This part also has the analysis, studies the strengths and weaknesses of the object under focus, gives evidence wherever feasible and enables the reader to draw conclusions as to whether the author of the literature under review has achieved the intended objectives.
The final part is the conclusion. This part is a summary of the comments that have preceded it. It is basically a review and tells the reader what your conclusions have been.
Before you actually get down to writing your critical analysis, study the subject well. Make notes along the way that you may have to use in the body of your
in support of your arguments. Now decide what type of critical analysis that you want to do. There are basically three types of critical analysis that you could do: Descriptive analysis, evaluative analysis and interpretive analysis.
A descriptive analysis is used predominantly for the study of text. The focus of this type of study is to highlight certain aspects of a piece of literature and compare it to an accepted standard in its genre.
An evaluative study tends to pass judgment on the worth of the piece of literature. It attempts to draw a conclusion as to whether the literature being reviewed was as good as it claims to be, giving reasons as to why the critic likes it or dislikes it. An interpretive study attempts to explain to the readers the meaning of the literature being reviewed. This sort of study should first explain to the reader the basis on which you will be making your interpretations.
Before you choose the type of critical
you wish to write, decide the purpose of your
. Each type of critique has an objective. It is essential that your objective and the type of analysis you wish to do are in sync.