Pick just one of the moral conundrums listed below to discuss in your article. Each predicament is followed by a set of questions that are meant to elicit your thoughts. Use the sections and underlined titles specified on the assignment page to structure your paper’s composition. Keep the case study separate from your writing.
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TJ enjoys porn in secret. He finds immense pleasure in watching Internet porn and masturbating, but he always does it in private and thinks that no one is affected by what he does. He asks, “Who am I harming?” to defend his actions.
Then he discovers a statistic on the Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking website (http://www.unglobalcompact.org/docs/issues_doc/labour/Forced_labour/HUMAN_TRAFFICKING_-_THE_FACTS_-_final.pdf) stating that 43% of human trafficking victims are used for forced commercial sexual exploitation, of whom 98% are women and girls, and that the pornography business is a multibillion dollar industry (Global Initiative, n.d.).
The harm to himself (addiction) and others (abuse through forced trafficking and media exploitation) is now at odds with his freedom to access pornography. (More details can be obtained in a paper by William May titled “The Social Costs of Pornography,” provided by the Witherspoon Institute out of Princeton [May, 2010] at http://www.lifeissues.net/writers/may/may_17pornographycost.html.)
How ought PJ to react? Given his freedom of choice, should he continue living the way he does, or should he make a change given the harm it has caused? Even if he does not personally injure someone, what does he owe in terms of responsibility for the harm that the pornographic industry may cause?
When Joni went swimming with friends in the Chesapeake Bay, she was 17 years old. She misjudged the depth of the water when she dove in, breaking her vertebrae in the process. She was left quadriplegic with lower body paralysis as a result of this. She experienced significant depression, as should be expected, and she even seriously considered suicide. Her standard of living significantly declined. Her future was very gloomy. In such a compromised state, what could she possibly aspire to do as a human being? Why should she be made to live in misery and poverty and be a financial drain on her family? Should her request to be put to death be complied with? How do you feel? Should someone in her situation be able to lawfully end their life?
3. Tolerance for religion
Because the Christian organisation expects its leaders to hold Christian views, InterVarsity Christian Fellowship was “derecognized” by the 23 public California State University institutions in September 2014. At a certain public university, Tina serves as an InterVarsity Christian Fellowship volunteer leader. An organisation cannot require its leaders to hold any particular ideas, according to the new university policy, which mandates that recognised campus organisations have a nondiscrimination policy (Stetzer, 2014). Being a recognised club is significant to Tina because it has an impact on things like having free access to meeting spaces, being able to advertise at university-sponsored events, and having a formal relationship with teachers and students. Although InterVarsity has always allowed people of all faiths to be a part of the club, Tina feels that student leaders must uphold fundamental Christian principles for the sake of the organisation’s purpose. However, the university system mandates that all officially recognised campus organisations sign a nondiscrimination statement indicating that leadership and membership are available to anybody, regardless of whether they share the group’s values or not (Winston, 2014). If at all, how should Tina react to the university administration? What adjustments, if any, ought Tina to make to her chapter of the InterVarsity Christian Fellowship?
Susan finally succeeds in getting pregnant after years of trying. Sadly, a blood test reveals that her unborn child has Down syndrome, and her doctors advise aborting the foetus. Susan strives to keep a good balance between her work and family life, despite having a great profession. However, she finds abortion to be quite unsettling. Richard, a well-known evolutionary biology professor who has dedicated his life to maximising human potential and minimising human misery, is consulted by the woman for advice. Richard responded that people should increase happiness and decrease suffering in this world, so he would suggest that Susan abort the foetus, though he also stated that she must make this decision for herself. Susan asked Richard if she should abort the foetus or give birth to a baby with Down syndrome. Richard emphasised the misery that the child with Down syndrome and Susan, who is caring for the child, will endure throughout their lives, and he said that it might be immoral for a mother to have a baby if she knew the kind of agony the child would endure. In fact, Richard opined that perhaps the most moral thing to do would be to spare this infant from a life of misery. This hypothetical situation is based on the following Richard Dawkins (2014) article: https://richarddawkins.net/2014/08/abortion-down-syndrome-an-apology-for-letting-slip-the-dogs-of-twitterwar/. How ought Susan to react? What choice should she make if her child has Down syndrome but she still wants a child?
5. Drugs that enhance performance
Paul has been working hard as a successful young athlete in the weight room and on the pitch, and as a result, he has won a starting place on his team. Some of his team members have been testing a new performance-enhancing substance as his team grows, and they have reported impressive results. The fact that the drug is not illegal is primarily due to how little people are aware of it, and Paul has witnessed how well it works for a number of his colleagues. These teammates also point out to Paul how amazing it is that no current drug test can detect this medication. Paul wants to excel but worries that those who are growing bigger and more quickly may surpass him. Given that the squad has so far been successful and the drug is still technically not an illegal substance, the coach appears to be aware of the drug use but has chosen to ignore it. Paul’s coach just informed him that he might not start going forward due to potential adjustments. To “catch up” with the others, his acquaintance offered to give him a sample of the substance. What should he say in light of the possible consequences on the legal, bodily, and spiritual levels?
Dawkins, R. (2014, August 21). Abortion & Down syndrome: An apology for letting slip the dogs of Twitterwar. Retrieved from https://richarddawkins.net/2014/08/abortion-down-syndrome-an-apology-for-letting-slip-the-dogs-of-twitterwar/
Gianna Jessen abortion survivor in Australia part 1. (2008). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kPF1FhCMPuQ
Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking. (n.d.). Human trafficking: The facts. Retrieved from https://www.unglobalcompact.org/docs/issues_doc/labour/Forced_labour/HUMAN_TRAFFICKING_-_THE_FACTS_-_final.pdf
May, W. E. (2010). The social costs of pornography. Retrieved from http://www.lifeissues.net/writers/may/may_17pornographycost.html
Stetzer, E. (2014, September 6). InterVarsity “derecognized” at California State Universitys 23 campuses: Some analysis and reflections. Christianity Today. Retrieved from http://www.christianitytoday.com/edstetzer/2014/september/intervarsity-now-derecognized-in-california-state-universit.html
Winston, K. (2014, September 10). InterVarsity, college Christian group “de-recognized” at California State University campuses. The Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/09/09/intervarsity-sanctioned-california-state-university_n_5791906.html