Find out the genotype of black trotter

Q1. If in an experiment protons could somehow rapidly be removed from inner membrane space, how will this affect ATP synthesis by electron transport?

Q2. In horse, black coat colour is influenced by the dominant allele (B) and chestnut coat colour by the recessive colour (b). Trotting gait is due to dominant gene (T), pacing gait to the recessive allele (t). What colour horse would you use to find out the genotype of black trotter? What is the phenotype?

Q3. If 2 monosaccharides join together to make a disaccharide, why isn’t the formula for a disaccharide doubles that of a monosaccharide?

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