Please develop this paper work into a power point;
Your staff development PPT presentation will include the information from your written paper in 10-12 slides (including a title and reference slide in APA format). Make sure to include speaker notes at the bottom of your slide to explain the content of your slide.
In (P) acute care hospitals, how does (I) physical contact with a newborn baby (C)compare with no physical skin to skin contact (O) affect the newborn’s health CT) during a month’s stay?
Over the years, tremendous steps have been made towards reducing neonatal death and improving the health of newborn children. Recent research studies have shown physical contact to be critical to improving the health of the child as well as promoting general body health. According to Pascoe, Bissessur, and Mayers (2016), recent studies have demonstrated that children who receive more warmth and affection in the form of physical contact from their mothers within the first month after birth tend to have better health outcomes compared to those who do not receive the same. The current PICOT study evaluates how maintaining physical contact within the first month after birth affects the health of the newborn by comparing those who do not receive a similar intervention. The outcome of the study will demonstrate that physical contact helps to improve the overall mental and physical health of the newborn.
Reasons for Choosing this Topic
One of the main reasons for choosing this topic is because the positive impacts associated with mother-to-child physical contact remain mostly unknown to many in society today. According to Kelly, et al. (2017), women experiencing postpartum depression symptoms have been shown to improve the signs following daily skin-to-skin contact with the infant child. Maintaining physical contact has been shown to enhance other mental and physical health outcome of the mother and the infant while at the same time helping to improve the quality of the mother-infant relationship. The impact of the skin-to-skin contact between the mother and the child have been shown to have both short-term and long-term benefits to both the mother and the child. With Papua New Guinea and the United States being the only two countries in the world where new mothers are not entitled to paid maternity leave, there is a need for mothers from these countries to understand the impact of maintaining skin-to-skin contact with their newborns within the first few hours after birth and how it improves the welfare of the children.
Evidenced from Clinical Practice
While mothers who maintain physical contact with their newborns tend to have better mental health and experience reduced incidences of anxiety and stress, newborns tend to benefit by experiencing better physical health, general development, and cognitive development. Practicing skin-to-skin contact has also been shown to reduce distress among newborns. By practicing skin-to-skin contact, clinical evidence has shown that such children tend to cry less often compared to those with minimal mother-to-child physical contact. Other than this, Souza, et al. (2018) note that skin-to-skin contact has a positive influence on weight gain and length of hospital stay of newborns. Children born of mothers who practice skin-to-skin contact tend to have shorter hospital stays and tend to gain weight at a faster rate compared to infants whose mothers do not maintain such contact.
Methods to evaluate the effectiveness of implementation
To determine the efficacy of physical contact between mother and child for the first 30 days after birth, weight, and child distress of the child will be assessed. New mothers admitted to the hospital following the birth of their children will be grouped into two. In one group, mothers will be instructed to maintain skin-to-skin contact with their children for at least 12 hours in a day. In the second group, nurses will not insist on the importance of skin-to-skin contact during the hospital stay. During the hospital stay, the weight and number of times a child cry within a day will be monitored progressively. While the number of cries will be recorded per day, the weight of the child will be monitored on a weekly basis for the first one month after delivery. It is expected that children whose mother practice skin-to-skin contact will record a few cries with a day and will weigh more compared to the group where the intervention will not be applied.
Kelly, H. M., Beijers, R., Rovers, A. C., & Weerth, C. (2017). Effectiveness of skin-to-skin contact versus care-as-usual in mothers and their full-term infants: study protocol for a parallel-group randomized controlled trial. BMC Pediatrics, (1), 1.
Pascoe, M., Bissessur, D., & Mayers, P. (2016). Mothers’ perceptions of their premature infant’s communication: A description of two cases. Health SA Gesondheid, 21, 143–154.
Souza, A. K. da C. M., Tavares, A. C. M., Carvalho, D. G. de L., & de Araujo, V. C. (2018). Weight gain in newborns submitted to skin-to-skin contact. Revista CEFAC: Atualizacao Cientifica Em Fonoaudiologia e Educacao, (1), 53.