Organ transplantation

Organ transplantation has become a life-saving procedure for many disease conditions, which have been previously considered to be incurable. One of these diseases includes various kidney diseases. This procedure, besides lengthening lives, additionally enables a healthier quality of life and is believed to be economical because it creates additional resources accessible for other segments of the economy. Kidney transplantation, which has now happen to be the selected treatment for the end-stage renal disease and is the most common solid organ transplantation being executed in the world currently. In developing countries such as Nigeria and Pakistan, it is the only constant organ transplantation that is being practiced.
Ever since the initial human kidney transplantation in 1954, the United States has been taking part in the search of public discussions regarding the ethics of organ transplantation. In regards to the human significance of removing organs from both living and cadaveric donors; in relation to the conditions for deciding when death happens and so when the decedent’s organs might be taken; about whose wishes should ultimately decide whether organs are used or not used; and about the ethics of different organ procurement and allocation laws.
Giving reference to the vast amount of proposals for kidney sales led to the National Organ Transplant Act to become law in the United States in 1984 . An ethical agreement developed round the world that there should be no monetary reimbursement for transplantable organs, both from living or deceased persons. Unfortunately, the self-sacrificing supply of organs has been considerably less than sufficient, and large numbers of patients die every year waiting for organ transplantation. As the number of patients who die waiting for organ transplants continues to increase, more relatives are taking upon themselves to search for an organ, andin result raising ethical questions in the process.
Due to the great success of kidney transplantation new kinds of human hardship have arisen. Hardships such as waiting for a kidney while one are condition declines, which sometimes result in death.
With long waiting lists of individuals waiting for a kidney or kidneys creates potential problems that threaten to challenge some of the medical advantages made by the introducing organ transplantation. For example, due to the large and growing waiting lists of individuals whom are in dire need of a kidney; medical personnel tend to undermine the criteria of donors that are eligible. The use of organs (kidneys) from donors who are just as sick or worst that have unhealthy habits such as drug users or infectious diseases.
In contrast, organ transplantation forces us to confront the nature of human death. The simplicity of determining when to let death occurs is hinder by thoughts of valuable parts of the body can be used to save another life.
Some advocates claim that ‘the current system of organ procurement by the state, define the dead body as a “natural resource,” of no good any longer to the person who has died. To leave organs unused is wasteful like leaving food uneaten when people are starving. But of course, the issue is far more complicated, for even the dead body is always more than a resource to help others.’

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