Regular exercise helps in prevention and management of various health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis. Regular exercise helps to prevent heart diseases by lowering the blood pressure, reducing cholesterol levels and helping in maintaining a healthy weight. In the case of diabetes, obesity is highly associated with the condition especially type 2 diabetes. However increased weight loss through exercise is said the incidence of the problem. Through physical fitness to decrease cardiovascular complication in the long term and also help to maintain the normal blood glucose levels. Regular exercises are considered as the most efficient and safest measure in improving the motions range, reducing stiffness and pain together with strengthening individuals with arthritis.
Prevalence of the health problem
Heart disease kills about 610000 people per year in the US with coronary heart disease being the most common type of heart disease which kills about 370,000 people annually (Dawber, Moore, & Mann, 2015). The estimated prevalence of diabetes among adults in the United States in 2011-2012 was12% to 14 % while the prevalence of pre-diabetes was 37% to 38% showing that about half of adults in the US are either pre-diabetic or diabetic (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). This has made diabetes emerge as the 7th leading cause of death in the United States. Prevalence of arthritis is influenced by gender, race, and age where its risk increases with age with the women being the most commonly affected. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis while other common rheumatic conditions in the United States include gout, fibromyalgia, and rheumatoid arthritis.
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Health measures in assisting individual with each health problem
Patients with heart disease should consider having a long walk after consumption of a meal with high levels of fat, for example, every day 1-mile walk within 30 minutes .this is essential as it helps to reverse the blood vessel damage. The activities should be moderate to achieve better results in health improvement. Diabetic patient should perform aerobic exercise such as walking and jogging as well as resistance exercises to help build muscle strength. In the management of arthritis, the patient should perform physical activities as this would make them lose weight hence decreasing the pressure their joints. Some of the activities that arthritis patient should do include moderate stretching, tai chi, and yoga to assist in flexibility, for those with joint pain water aerobics should be considered. To manage these health problems, the patients should reduce the time spent while sitting. In a week amount of activities should at least add up to 150 minutes where we have about 30 minutes moderate activity on at least five days in a week. Alternatively, one should perform 75 minutes vigorous, an intense activity which should be spread across the week. One should consider putting in place special rehabilitation physical activity programs which are under supervision by physical activity specialist to help in ensuring safety while conducting physical activities will help to build the patient confidence. On the other hand, proper training and counseling on weight loss, how to perform the physical activities and practice patterns will be necessary intervention. Self-management support in the case of diabetes and goal setting based on the desired achievement will help to better the performance by acting as a motivation to the patients and therefore increasing their level of cooperation (Nishimura, Otto, Bonow, Carabello, Erwin, Guyton, & Sundt, 2014).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC. (2012). Increasing prevalence of diagnosed diabetes–United States and Puerto Rico, 1995-2010. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 61(45), 918.
Dawber, T. R., Moore, F. E., & Mann, G. V. (2015). II. Coronary Heart Disease in the Framingham Study¶. International journal of epidemiology, 44(6), 1767-1780.
Nishimura, R. A., Otto, C. M., Bonow, R. O., Carabello, B. A., Erwin, J. P., Guyton, R. A., … & Sundt, T. M. (2014). 2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease. Circulation, CIR-0000000000000031.
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