The Mongols

The Mongols

Mongol was a strong empire during the 12th and 14th centuries. It started from Central Asia through Eastern Europe to the Sea of Japan. It extended and covered most parts of Siberia in the North and the South East of Asia. Some of its parts also covered parts of India, and the whole of MiIDle East. It has been referred to the largest empire ever in the world’s history covering approximately 24 million square kilometers. The empire was established as a result of unification between Mongol and Turkic who were the tribes under the leadership of Khan in 1206. The empire has since received criticism in the historiography of the MiIDle East. Many scholars have supported their criticism against the empire as well as praise for its developments. This paper will focus on the criticism of the empire as well as the reasons why the criticism are not valid.

The Mongols can be highly criticizes for its practices in the MiIDle East. As a larger empire, it constantly evaded other empires for wrong reasons. For instance, their invasion of Iran was unjustified. This was after caused much destruction and death to the many civilians who were mainly women and children. Many places were depopulated due to the fear of facing the wrath of the Mongols armies. The amounting result was holocaust which has since been criticized. Besides this, the empire taxed its population heavily and drove them of their land making them become serfs.[1] This act has been condemned and criticized by entire region both by scholars and natives. Reducing a large population to inhumane conditions is an acceptable.

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[1] Goldschmidt, Arthur and Davidson, Lawrence. History of Islamic Societies. Colorado: West view press, 2009.pg 226.

 

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