What did gallery owner Leo Castelli claim was the reason for perceived female discrimination in the arts?

AR301 Modern Art in the U.S. (Week 6 Quiz)
Question 1
What did gallery owner Leo Castelli claim was the reason for perceived female discrimination in the arts?
Question 2
In the 1980s, some proclaimed the ‘death’ of modernism. The ___________ movement emerged in its wake.
Question 3
Imagine you’ve entered an art gallery and come across Jeff Koons’ St. John the Baptist, 1988 and have never seen of or heard of Jeff Koons before. Write a one paragraph response to the work. Next, read the accompanying text on 213-214 in our text. Now, write a second paragraph about how your reaction to the sculpture changed and why (or why not)?
Question 4
In your own words, describe what Peter Halley’s Two Cells with Conduit, 1987, is about. When developing your interpretation, keep in mind the era in which it was created.
Question 5
The East Village artist, ____________, incorporated graffiti styles, gestural Abstract Expressionism brushwork and often included African American symbols or subjects.
Question 6
Give three adjectives that describe the 1980s cultural and political climate.
Question 7
Which artist incorporated Pollock’s drip and splatter method, but used broken plates as his ‘drips’? ________________
Question 8
_______________ was a female art dealer and gallery owner who used extensive marketing techniques to rapidly catapult the artists she represented to celebrity status.
The following work was part of a controversy that ended up in court. Use the accompanying links to enhance your knowledge of the incident. Write a reaction essay answering the questions below.
“Dread” Scott Tyler, What is the Proper Way to Display a US Flag
http://www.thefileroom.org/documents/dyn/DisplayCase.cfm/id/199
http://www.dreadscott.net/artwork/photography/what-is-the-proper-way-to-display-a-us-flag
THE FIRST AMENDEMENT: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
Should the artwork have been removed from the exhibition? What is your reaction to the viewer comments of the piece (see Link 2)? Would you have stood on the flag to write a comment – what would that comment have been? Do you believe that Tyler was acting under his first Amendment rights? Is critique of our government and its symbols, or anti-patriotism a crime? What do you think of Judge Kenneth L. Gillis’ ruling that artist’s displaying the flag to convey ideas (popular or not) is protected under the First Amendment?
The National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) provided funding for many artists. How did their role change in 1990 after backlash from controversies surrounding art works they have funded?

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