What is the function of kidney and why is it so important
Bruce shows that the major function of the kidney in the body is the provision of balance in the electrolyte levels of the body. They also help in the filtration of wastes of metabolisms such as urea and uric acid. Kidneys also act a source for erythropoietin; this is a hormone that helps in the stimulation of the bone marrow for it to make red blood cells. Its location is the lower abdomen towards the back, in most cases, one on either side of the spine. They are fed through the supply of renal arteries that come direct from the aorta sending the blood to the heart through the renal veins and into the vena cava (Bruce, 2004).
brief history of chronic kidney disease.
According to Bruce, the history of chronic kidney disease remains to be conjectural. Current statistics on its progression shows that relatively good number of deaths are caused by this chronic disease. It is especially a serious concern to the African Americans; this is due to the prevalence of high blood pressure. Bruce asserts that, globally, the disease caused an estimated 735, 000 deaths in the year 2011. And in the U.S.A, for instance, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention showed that chronic kidney disease has affected about 16 percent of adults between 2004 and 2009 (Bruce, 2004).