connection between genetics and crime

QUESTION 1

 

Which of the following is a basic element of classical criminology?

 

 

Human behavior is a product of social, biological, or economic forces that can be empirically measured.

 

 

Crime exists because of a lack of norms or clear social standards.

 

 

Crime is attractive when it promises great benefits with little effort.

 

 

Crime is a product of the capitalist system.

 

 

QUESTION 2

 

Rational choice theorists view crime as both _________ and ________ specific.

 

 

Offense and offender

 

 

Reward and offender

 

 

Victim and offender

 

 

Offense and victim

 

 

QUESTION 3

 

______________ behavior is any action that departs from the social norms of society.

 

 

Deviant

 

 

Illegal

 

 

Criminal

 

 

Misdemeanor

 

 

QUESTION 4

 

Which was the first written criminal code?

 

 

Common Law Code

 

 

Mosaic Code

 

 

Code of Hammurabi

 

 

QUESTION 5

 

To address the nonreporting issue, the federal government sponsors the:

 

 

IPSR

 

 

UCR

 

 

FDIC

 

 

NCVS

 

 

QUESTION 6

 

____________ deterrence holds that criminal sanctions should be so powerful that known criminals will never repeat their criminal acts.

 

 

Broad

 

 

Interval

 

 

Intermediate

 

 

Specific

 

 

QUESTION 7

 

____________ uses multiple advances computational methods, including artificial intelligence, to analyze large data sets usually involving one or more data solutions.

 

 

Data mining

 

 

Crime mapping

 

 

Logic bombing

 

 

Trojan horsing

 

 

QUESTION 8

 

Criminologists look for _________ crime-rate patters to gain insight into the nature of crime.

 

 

Increasing

 

 

Decreasing

 

 

Random

 

 

Stable

 

 

QUESTION 9

 

In the past, how did criminologists view crime victims?

 

 

As an indirect role in a criminal incident.

 

 

As merely the passive targets of a criminal’s anger or greed.

 

 

As fully responsible for the criminal incident.

 

 

As an active role in the incident.

 

 

QUESTION 10

 

People who are crime victims are ___________ likely to commit crimes themselves.

 

 

Less

 

 

Equally

 

 

Not

 

 

More

 

 

QUESTION 11

 

People living ___________ are more likely to be vandalized.

 

 

On military bases

 

 

In rural areas

 

 

In suburban communities

 

 

In cities

 

 

QUESTION 12

 

Victim precipitation can be either:

 

 

Scientific or empirical

 

 

Active or passive

 

 

Encouraged or discouraged

 

 

Instigated or non-responsive

 

 

QUESTION 13

 

Shoplifting and vandalism are considered ________ thrills because getting away with crime is a thrilling demonstration of personal competence.

 

 

Cunning

 

 

Tricky

 

 

Sneaky

 

 

Sexy

 

 

QUESTION 14

 

What occurs when increased patrols in one community shift the crime to a more vulnerable neighborhood?

 

 

Diffusion

 

 

Replacement

 

 

Discouragement

 

 

Displacement

 

 

QUESTION 15

 

What is the repetition of criminal behavior called?

 

 

Recidivism

 

 

Retaliation

 

 

Reparation

 

 

Restitution

 

 

QUESTION 16

 

____________ assumes that behavioral traits may be inherited but that they may also evolve.

 

 

Sociobiology

 

 

Meta-evolution

 

 

Microbiology

 

 

Biophysics

 

 

QUESTION 17

 

When looking at the connection between genetics and crime, researchers have evaluated all the following except:

 

 

Parental deviance studies

 

 

Adoption studies

 

 

Twin studies

 

 

Diet studies

 

 

QUESTION 18

 

According to social learning theories, violence is le

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